It was on this date in 1937 that Valnentina Tereshkova, the first woman to fly into space, was born in the village of Maslennikovo. In her early life, Tereshkova was a textile worker before she became interested in skydiving. Following Yuri Gagarin's flight in April, 1961, it was decided that, having launched the first man into space, the Soviets should have a new goal:” launch the first woman into space. Beating out hundreds of other applicants and the other 4 finalists, Tereshkova launched into space aboard Vostok 6 on June 16, 1963. In all, Tereshkova would spend 3 days in space, orbiting the Earth 48 times, logging more orbital time than all the American astronauts up to that point combined.
However, there was an irony to Tereshkova's flight: the first female astronaut corps would never fly another member and would be itself disbanded in 1969. It would not be until 1982 when another woman would enter space.