Friday, October 16, 2015

Tonight's Sky for October 15: Algol at Minimum at 9:50pm

This evening, Algol, located in Perseus, will be at minimum at 9:50pm Eastern Standard Time. No, the star does not turn off and on again like a light bulb, but it will gradually dim and then brighten again, going from magnitude +2.1 to +3.4 and back to +2.1 over the course of a couple of hours. Good companion stars with which to compare Algol are Gamma Andromeda (magnitude 2.1) to Algol's right and Mirfak (magnitude 1.8) above and left of Algol. Fortunately, it will be possible to see the event in entirety thanks to the timing. To see the show, go out as soon as it gets dark, then at around 9:50, then a few hours later. Try and spot the difference. 

The reason for this change in brightness? Algol is not a single star, but a two star system, as many stars are. However, what sets Algol apart is that, as seen from Earth, the dimmer companion eclipses the main, brighter star. The result: a dramatic change in brightness that earned the star its name ('Algol' is Arabic for 'the ghoul') and the nickname 'the winking demon star.'

Needless to say, this change in brightness really creeped out the ancients. 

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